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Location
Preston
England, United Kingdom
Date Posted
28 Feb 2017

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Type
PhD Project
Jeremiah Horrocks Institute for Mathematics, Physics and Astronomy, University of Central Lancashire

Fully funded PhD position in condensed matter physics with a maintenance grant

logo-UCLAN.png
Preston
England, United Kingdom
28 Feb 2017

NOTE: this position listing has expired and may no longer be relevant!

Position Description


Starting date: October 2015.

Funding: The position is fully funded and includes also a maintenance grant.

Project title: Theory-assisted search for novel itinerant magnets.

Project description:
Our current understanding of magnetism is based on two opposite perspectives. In the first one, the so-called local moment picture, long-ranged magnetic order develops owing to exchange interactions between local moments carried by individual atoms. By contrast, in the alternative itinerant view, an unpolarized conduction electron sea exhibits a correlation driven Stoner-type magnetic instability which leads to a local imbalance of up- and down-spins. While the local moment magnetism was readily explained early on within a Heisenberg model using a Weiss molecular field approximation, the itinerant moment behaviour is still only poorly understood and a unified theory of magnetism that could encompass both these extreme scenarios remains elusive. The main limitation is a very small number of known examples of materials that are close to the itinerant limit. So far only two ferromagnets have been discovered that are made of nonmagnetic constituents, Sc3In and ZrZn2.

Recently, a new method of designing materials called theory-assisted synthesis has been developed. Application of this novel technique led us to the discovery of the first itinerant antiferromagnet with no magnetic constituents, TiAu.

The proposed PhD project will focus on searching for consecutive systems built of nonmagnetic elements only in which strong spin fluctuations may lead to itinerant spin-density-wave-type magnetic order at low temperatures. The project will start with performing a series of density functional theory-based electronic band structure calculations aiming at choosing candidate compounds for experimental investigations. Attempts to synthesize crystals of such materials will be carried as the next step. Structural and compositional characterization of grown phases will be carried by means of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis and will be followed by physical properties measurements (ac magnetic susceptibility, dc magnetization, electrical resistivity and specific heat) at temperatures between 0.2 K and 400 K and in magnetic fields of up to 9 Tesla using a standard Physical Property Measurement System (PPMS, Quantum Design) and an Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator system, owing to a collaboration with the group of Dr Philipp Niklowitz from Royal Holloway, University of London (RHUL). There will be also a possibility of performing high pressure electrical resistivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements using piston cylinder cells and Bridgman-type high pressure cells available at RHUL. Where appropriate, additional experiments will be conducted using advanced user facilities in the UK such as Diamond Light Source and ISIS pulsed neutron and muon source at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Leeds EPSRC Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Equipment Facility.
It is expected that the PhD candidate would creatively contribute to scientific analysis and publications.

For more information about the offered PhD project please contact Dr. Monika Gamza (MGamza@uclan.ac.uk).


How to Apply

Highly motivated students with strong problem solving skills and interests in solid state physics are encouraged to apply. Interested students should send their CV and a brief motivation letter outlining their background and key interests to Dr. Monika Gamza (MGamza@uclan.ac.uk).


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